Bronchial asthma affects people of all ages and is one of the most common chronic diseases. In Switzerland, approximately 7% of the population is affected.
Typical symptoms are sudden attacks of breathlessness, a feeling of tightness in the chest, coughing and wheezing. The symptoms can subside spontaneously or be stopped completely with medication. Individuals with allergies are particularly at risk of developing asthma.
Apart from taking the medical history and performing a physical examination, a spirometry test can illustrate the flow-volume curve and aid in the diagnosis of asthma. A bronchial challenge test also analyzes the sensitivity of the bronchial system. These investigations help to differentiate asthma from other pulmonary diseases, and are also required for the selection of asthma control therapies. An important aid in this assessment is the use of allergological diagnostics.
The aim of therapy is to enable people with asthma to live a life without discomfort.
Recent advances in pulmonology make it possible to treat most patients effectively and help them improve their quality of life. Besides the well-known inhaled medicines, there are innovative therapy options available which can even control severe allergic asthma. Patients can also contribute significantly to keeping their asthma under control. They are therefore encouraged and supported in responsibly and actively dealing with the disease on a daily basis.